February 15, 2012

Two Ways to Thinner Seams - a Sewing Diet

I've been using my fair share of thick fabrics lately. The denim shirtdress, the Green with Envy shirtdress and my Sew Grateful Skirt. Needless to say, thick fabrics can a be a beast to maneuver unless you grade and trim your seams. What's all this grading and trimming you say? Here let me show you.

Grading a seam is making all the layers of the seam allowance a different width so that when the whole of the seam is pressed into place it doesn't create a bulky ridge on the right side of the fabric. Having said that, you might wonder where and when to grade. I know I did for a very long time and found that I never graded any seam because I felt that doing so weakened that area of the garment - having made the seam allowances shorter, I had introduced weak areas that could fray easier and then cause a blow out somewhere. But over the years I've come to realize that grading is necessary for a beautiful finish and unless you plan to put your final garment through a lot of serious, rigorous washing a graded seam is just as strong as an ungraded one.

Now the thing to remember is that not all seams are graded. Seams that need to be graded, especially when using a thick fabric, are ones that are pressed to one side or sandwiched inside areas of the garment that you can't even see or get to from the inside (like in a waistband facing).  Let me give you an example. I didn't grade the seam allowances for the skirt side seams of my Green with Envy shirtdress. Those are pressed open, like a traditional seam. But I did grade the seam where the pocket lining is connected to the dress because this seam allowance is a) pressed in one direction and b) sandwiched in between layers of the garment. Make sense?



So how do you grade a seam? You'll start by sewing your seam and then its time to trim. Depending on how many layers I'm dealing with I like to trim to 1/8", 1/4", and 1/2". If I've only got two layers of fabric that's going to be pressed to one side, I start by trimming the first layer to 1/2" and leave the other seam allowance at 5/8". If I've got 3 layers of fabric then I would trim the first at 1/4", the second at 1/2" and leave the last at 5/8". Make sense?

This next little trick is probably the best trick of all. It's probably something that you all do anyway too, but it's not something I started doing until a little over a year ago. I feel it makes a huge difference in dealing with bulky fabrics, but also in dealing with any fabric as I do it on every project that I sew now.



This trick is applied to seams that end up intersecting one another. Think setting in a shirt sleeve - you have two (sometimes more) seams in the armscye/bodice area and one seam (sometimes more) in the sleeve. After sewing the intersecting seams together, trim the corners of each seam at an angle (creates an inverted V). I find it especially fabulous in seams like the side seam of a skirt that attaches to a waistband that also has a side seam. Leaving the seams un-trimmed, will create 4 layers of bulk!!!  Clipping that little inverted V will leave you with much less bulk. This trick also works on french seams too. Pretty impressive huh?

Now, how's that for working with a bit of heavyweight fabric? Now you can maneuver them like a pro!

xoxo,
Sunni
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20 comments

  1. I love that last tip - it never occurred to me!

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  2. This is perfect advice for my current project! Thank you!

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  3. The cut-the-corners-off-at-an-intersection is a good tip -- when I used to piece quilt tops, it sometimes meant the difference between "I'm proud of my work!" and "Well, I can't see it from my house." Grading seams is easiest to do by holding one's shears at an angle while trimming both sides of a seam: the beveled edges of the shears will automatically cut one layer slightly longer than the other. Much less fiddly.

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  4. I've been struggling with thick seams lately so I really appreciate this post. I love the intersecting seam tip and it would never have occurred to me to do it that way.

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  5. Here's my question: when grading seams like this, do you also finish them in some other way? I'm worried about fraying in the wash and the seams looking untidy if they're exposed. Does anybody else have ideas for this?
    Second question: that fabric looks lovely! Are we going to get to see a finished project soon? I hope it's something fun for spring!

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  6. I've only ever used seam grading when the seams will be enclosed, either by a facing or a lining. No point grading if you're going to add bulk back by serging or binding the edges.

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  7. I personally don't usually use a seam finish for a graded seam. Typically these seams are enclosed, like in a waistband, so even if you put the garment through the washer, you wouldn't see the fray because of it's being enclosed. However there are times when the seams are still exposed like in a pocket lining situation. In this case, I use a pair of pinkers and stitch an extra stitching line to prevent fray. If indeed I have to finish a graded seam I like to use something that still maintains less bulk, so I try to avoid seam finishes like the hong-kong finish or even serging as you can see these from the right side of the garment because they add bulk rather than take it away.

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  8. As for your second question! This is just some extra quilting cotton I had lying around - perfect for a tutorial! ha! Don't worry, I've got another garment coming up just next week! Yay!

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  9. A wonderful tip! Thank you LinB! You can also purchase those duck-billed shears (of which I still want a pair) for this exact thing. Apparently they make it much easier to grade seams.

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  10. It makes such a difference too! Promise!

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  11. See, I'm always afraid to trim any seam because then there is no room to fix an error or later alter the garment. It seems like trimming seams is best left for when you are absolutely certain that the garment will come together precisely as you want it. Personally, I'm fine with some extra bulk if it means I have more flexibility with how I can fix or alter the garment. I don't know how many times I've trimmed a seam, then had to rip it out and try to sew it together again. It's so hard to do accurately when the seam allowance is notched and trimmed.

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  12. Great tips, Sunni! Thanks for sharing!

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  13. [...] If you’re sewing with quilting weight cottons or lightweight knits, bulky seams are probably not a problem.  But if your project uses denim or home dec weight fabrics, then your seam allowances can add unwanted bulk.  Sunni from A Fashionable Stitch shows two ways you can decrease the bulk in your seams.   Go to her post to see how. [...]

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  14. Thanks a lot for those excellent tips! I will be sure to use them on my next sewing project :)

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  15. Will definitely try this on my next project. My goal this year is to try something new on as many projects as I can.

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  16. Thanks for the mini-tutorial :) It really is all the little things that add up to a superb finish!

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  17. Hi Sunni! What advice do you have about trimming sew-in interfacing? I gravitate towards the sew-in variety often (opposed to the fusible), and I tend to trim the interfacing down to a scant 1/8" from the seam. So what do you do?

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  18. [...] they know when they are as advanced as Sunni.  It helps us little people who are still learning to grade seams.  On Fridays Sunni does something called “Stitching Spotlights.”  I live for them.  [...]

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  19. [...] construction was straight forward (another benefit of making a muslin!).  You really do need to grade the seams at the shoulders though as you end up with a lot of layers there so fabric choice is also [...]

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